Siamese fighting fish (Combattant, Betta, Cá chọi, cá thia xiêm, thia lia xiêm)

Family: Belontidae

Distribution: Southeast Asia. Originally produced in fresh water and am hot side India, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia. Common in static and stagnant water.

Length: up to 5-6 cm

Eating worms, molluscs armor, insects, food synthesis.

Water temperature: 18 - ( 25-28 ) to 32 degrees C.

Private farming.

Body elongated, flattened side almost rectangular. Located at the mouth muzzle small, slightly oblique. Liner on top of the slope down. The eyes are large, immediate bone slippery. on large scales has, kind of rounded scales. The ventral fins shaped like swords, located in the dorsal half of back then.

Through hybridization breeding, we can create the fish fighting fish have dorsal and anal fins are very large in size, slender. The enclosure can be up to 6.5 cm long.

In nature, the background color of the fish is brown, the still point of the iridescent blue green and lots of red dots, green, blue lined.

Caudal fin and anal fin rays roaring red or brown colored regions separated by a clerk. Kưng fins reddish brown, textured green. red ventral fins, pectoral fins pale.

Female brown bear less pronounced stripes.

Males bred so many color changes than natural, can have blue purple, mix red cyan, purple mixed record, that metallic, pearl gray,rainbow green, dark pink, yellow fedora...

Source: Ornamental fish - Vo Van Chi, Science and Technology Publishing House, 1993. Copyright © VietLinh. Translated by


Betta Fish

When betta fish (also known as Siamese fighting fish) show their breeding or fighting form, they have the appearance of animated Asian watercolors. Betta fish are intensely colored – flaming red, cobalt blue, black or emerald green depending on the variety – with veil-like fins spread like wings. They will toss their heads and flare their fins and gillcovers eager to do battle or to breed. In the case of the former, two male betta fish occasionally fight until death.

In the case of the latter, female and male commence a swirling pas de deux. The male goes to the surface for air and blows small bubbles that he coats with saliva so that the bubbles connect into a nest that floats on the surface or beneath a floating plant. The male then drapes his fin over the female, embraces her and fertilizes her eggs as she releases them. Then, they both take the eggs to the nest, putting each inside its own bubble. At that, the two part company, and the male is left to guard the nest — even to the point of keeping the female at bay.

For more information on betta fish or our aquarium, visit The Pet ProfessorBetta Fish Care

"I need more information about betta fish care. Can I keep these betta fish in a community tank?"

When not fighting or breeding, betta fish appear rather drab, and for the most part are good fish for a community tank. While two males can’t be kept together, a male can be kept with two or more females. They make easy-to-care-for tank residents as long as they are not swimming with fin-nippers such as tiger barbs.

If you want to see the betta fish display its fighting colors you can put a mirror along the side of the tank and it will flash and flare at its own reflection. Or you can separate two males by a glass insert in the aquarium. Keeping the fish in a constant state of alert, however, is not good for the fish’s health.

If you do breed them, make sure to remove the female after the breeding is over or the male will attack her in his zeal to guard the nest. When the eggs hatch, remove the male as well.

Source: internet



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