Pangasius 26 Q & A

This booklet was prepared for the readers to easy understand about Vietnamese Pangasius and Pangasius industry.

Vietnamese Pangasius are highly appreciated by local and international consumers, not only for its high nutritious value, white muscle, without horizontal bones, without smell of sediment and seaweed a little of taste lipid content, but also for its safety to all consumers in all age groups.

Vietnamese Pangasius is a species of traditional farming by farmers in the Mekong River Delta. To meet high demand of global and domestic consumers, after 10 year development since 1996, fish farming area has been expanded nearly 6,000 hectares in 10 Mekong Delta provinces.

Most of fish farming area are strictly managed in accordance with national regulations on food safety and environmental protection. Until June 2012, over a half of fish farming area nationwide is audited and certified by internationally sustainable standards such as GlobalGAP, AquaGAP, BAP/GAA and ASC (recently certified). The process of auditing and certifying for Vietnamese pangasius is being carried out strictly according to requirements of consumers which proved that Vietnamese pangasius is not only loved by tasty smell with high nutritious value but it also satisfies strict requirements of the market.

Vietnam has nearly 70 pangasius exporting and processing companies in which their processing facilities are equipped modern equipments and controlled in accordance with HACCP. Pangasius products are being exported to 145 countries and territories worldwide such as EU, the U.S., ASEAN, Canada, the Middle East, China, Japan, etc. Fish export volume and value to markets reported steady annual growth of 10 - 18 percent, worth by US$1.8 - 2 billion per year in two recent years.

The booklet compiled under the Q & A form provides basic knowledge of pangasius, techniques of farming and processing, quality management, information of importers and the government’s regulations on breeding, processing and exporting specific fish products.

Editorial Board

Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP)

Head office: 218 street No.6, Lot A, An Phu - An Khanh New Urban Area, District 2, Hochiminh, Vietnam

Tel: (+84 8) 6281 0430 / Fax: (+84 8) 6281 0438 / Email:

Rep. office: 10 Nguyen Cong Hoan street, Ngoc Khanh Ward, Ba Dinh, Ha Noi, Vietnam

Tel: (+84.4) 3771 5055; Fax: (+84.4) 3771 5084 / E-mail:


1. In which provinces of Vietnam have Pangasius been raising?

2. What are species of Pangasius in Vietnam?

3. When does the Pangasius rearing exist in Vietnam?

4. What are scientific and commercial names of Vietnamese Pangasius?

5. What are biology characteristics of Tra and Basa fish?

6. What are nutritious value of Pangasius?

7. How many countries/territories do they accept and consume Pangasius originated from Vietnam?

8. How do the foreign consumers appreciate Vietnamese Pangasius products?

9. How are Pangasius breeding stock produced and selected?

10. What are farming techniques of Pangasius in Mekong River Delta in Vietnam?

11. Which standards have been applying in Pangasius farms in Vietnam?

12. How does the Vietnamese Government control the water source quality for Pangasius farming and what are the results?

13. Have Pangasius farms been inspected and certified?

14. What kinds of feeds are used in Pangasius farming? What are relevant regulations on feed control?

15. How can the chemicals and antibiotics be used in aquaculture?

16. Which models of Pangasius organic farming have been applied in Vietnam?

17. Which models are applied to link together fishery processing establishments for export in Vietnam?

18. How can we do to ensure that harvested fish for processing are totally free of antibiotics residues?

19. Is it required that pangasius supplied to processing plants are alive? What are harvesting and transportation procedures?

20. How many Pangasius processing establishments are there in Vietnam? Are the processing equipments and technologies of these establishments advanced?

21. Have Vietnamese processing establishments been applying quality management programs and food safety guarantee?

22. Does the Vietnamese Government regulate and carry out inspections on hygiene conditions of pangasius processing plants?

23. The use of food additives in pangasius processing, is it in compliance with requirements of importing countries and controlled by Vietnamese competent authority?

24. Each Pangasius consignment intended for export is tested by Vietnamese Competent Authority for microorganism, chemicals and antibiotics residues?

25. Vietnam Pangasius was switched from “red list” to “toward certification” in WWF’s seafood guide for fish lovers in EU countries.

26. Main types of products originated from Pangasius?

DECISION Promulgating the Regulation on Management of Tra fish rearing zones and establishments

Regulation on tra fish rearing zones and establishments

Regulation on Monitoring certain substances and toxic residues thereof in animals aquatic products

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